TimkenSteel Announces Third-Quarter 2023 Results

3 November 2023

TimkenSteel a leader in high-quality specialty steel, manufactured components and supply chain solutions, today reported third-quarter 2023 net sales of $354.2 million and net income of $24.8 million, or $0.51 per diluted share. On an adjusted basis(1), third-quarter 2023 net income was $24.9 million, or $0.52 per diluted share, and adjusted EBITDA was $46.8 million.

This compares with sequential second-quarter 2023 net sales of $356.6 million and net income of $28.9 million, or $0.62 per diluted share. On an adjusted basis(1), second-quarter 2023 net income was $27.6 million, or $0.60 per diluted share, and adjusted EBITDA was $50.5 million.

In the same quarter last year, net sales were $316.8 million with net loss of $13.3 million, or a loss of $0.29 per diluted share. On an adjusted basis(1), third-quarter 2022 net loss was $4.1 million, or a loss of $0.09 per diluted share, and adjusted EBITDA was $10.8 million.

"In the third quarter, our unwavering commitment to safety and our focus on strengthening our culture and fostering teamwork across our commercial, supply chain and manufacturing organizations resulted in solid profitability while meeting the needs of our customers," stated Mike Williams, president and chief executive officer.

"The enhanced collaboration we've seen, both with United Steelworkers and our teams, is fueling our pursuit of manufacturing excellence and a deep-rooted culture of safety. We have made significant progress in our capital allocation strategy, continuing our share repurchases and reinvesting in our business. Despite recent market dynamics such as the automotive work stoppages, we remain confident in our ability to navigate market challenges while delivering sustainable profitability and positive operating cash flow throughout the cycles," said Williams.


Net sales of $354.2 million decreased one percent compared with $356.6 million in the second quarter 2023. The decrease in net sales was primarily driven by a market decline in average raw material surcharge revenue per ton as a result of lower scrap and alloy prices as well as lower shipments, partially offset by higher base sales(1)prices. Compared with the prior-year third quarter, the increase in net sales was driven primarily by higher base sales(1) prices and shipments, partially offset by a market decrease in surcharge revenue per ton.
Ship tons of 175,800 decreased 1,700 tons sequentially, or one percent, driven by lower energy shipments, partially offset by higher industrial shipments. Compared with the prior-year third quarter, ship tons increased 11 percent as a result of higher shipments in industrial and mobile.
Manufacturing costs increased by $6.1 million on a sequential basis as a result of planned annual shutdown maintenance completed in the third quarter. Melt utilization was 76 percent in the third quarter compared with 75 percent in the second quarter. Compared with the prior-year third quarter, manufacturing costs decreased $11.5 million, primarily driven by improved cost absorption given the 76 percent third-quarter melt utilization rate compared with 40 percent in the same quarter last year when the melt shop experienced unplanned downtime.
(1)        Please see discussion of non-GAAP financial measures in this news release.


As of September 30, 2023, the company's cash and cash equivalents balance was $225.4 million. In the third quarter, operating cash flow was $28.1 million, primarily driven by profitability. Additionally, the company invested $17.5 million in capital expenditures. Total liquidity(2) was $519.1 million as of September 30, 2023.

In the third quarter, the company repurchased approximately 352,900 common shares in the open market at an aggregate cost of $7.7 million. As of September 30, 2023, the company had $44.5 million remaining on its existing share repurchase program.

Given the elements outlined in the outlook below, the company expects adjusted EBITDA to decline sequentially in the fourth quarter of 2023.


Fourth quarter shipments are expected to be sequentially lower as a result of normal seasonality and potential volatility from the automotive work stoppages and restarts.
Lead times for bar products currently extend to mid-December 2023 and tube product lead times extend into February 2024.
Base price per ton is anticipated to remain strong in the fourth quarter.
Surcharge revenue per ton is expected to be sequentially lower in the fourth quarter.

Planned annual shutdown maintenance was completed at the melt shop in October at a cost of approximately $7 million.
Given the recently completed planned annual shutdown maintenance, the company expects a sequential decrease in the average melt utilization rate in the fourth quarter.
Cash and other matters:

Operating cash flow is expected to be positive in the fourth quarter, primarily driven by anticipated profitability and working capital discipline.
Planned capital expenditures are expected to be approximately $50 million in 2023, consistent with previous guidance.
(1)        Please see discussion of non-GAAP financial measures in this news release.

(2)        The company defines total liquidity as available borrowing capacity plus cash and cash equivalents.

TimkenSteel will provide live Internet listening access to its conference call with the financial community scheduled for Friday, November 3, 2023 at 9:00 a.m. ET. The live conference call will be broadcast at investors.timkensteel.com. A replay of the conference call will also be available at investors.timkensteel.com.

TimkenSteel (NYSE: TMST) manufactures high-performance carbon and alloy steel products from recycled scrap metal in Canton, OH, serving demanding applications in mobile, energy and a variety of industrial end markets. The company is a premier U.S. producer of alloy steel bars (up to 16 inches in diameter), seamless mechanical tubing and manufactured components. In the business of making high-quality steel for more than 100 years, TimkenSteel's proven expertise contributes to the performance of our customers' products. The company employs approximately 1,800 people and had sales of $1.3 billion in 2022. For more information, please visit us at www.timkensteel.com.

TimkenSteel reports its financial results in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("GAAP") and corresponding metrics as non-GAAP financial measures. This earnings release includes references to the following non-GAAP financial measures: adjusted earnings (loss) per share, adjusted net income (loss), EBIT, adjusted EBIT, EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, free cash flow, base sales, and other adjusted items. These are important financial measures used in the management of the business, including decisions concerning the allocation of resources and assessment of performance. Management believes that reporting these non-GAAP financial measures is useful to investors as these measures are representative of the company's performance and provide improved comparability of results. See the attached schedules for definitions of the non-GAAP financial measures referred to above and corresponding reconciliations of these non-GAAP financial measures to the most comparable GAAP financial measures. Non-GAAP financial measures should be viewed as additions to, and not as alternatives for, TimkenSteel's results prepared in accordance with GAAP. In addition, the non-GAAP measures TimkenSteel uses may differ from non-GAAP measures used by other companies, and other companies may not define the non-GAAP measures TimkenSteel uses in the same way.

This news release includes "forward-looking" statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws. You can generally identify the company's forward-looking statements by words such as "will," "anticipate," "aspire," "believe," "could," "estimate," "expect," "forecast," "outlook," "intend," "may," "plan," "possible," "potential," "predict," "project," "seek," "target," "should," "would," "strategy," or "strategic direction" or other similar words, phrases or expressions that convey the uncertainty of future events or outcomes. The company cautions readers that actual results may differ materially from those expressed or implied in forward-looking statements made by or on behalf of the company due to a variety of factors, such as: deterioration in global economic conditions, or in economic conditions in any of the geographic regions in which the company conducts business, including additional adverse effects from global economic slowdown, terrorism or hostilities, including political risks associated with the potential instability of governments and legal systems in countries in which the company or its customers conduct business, and changes in currency valuations; the impact of global conflicts on the economy, sourcing of raw materials, and commodity prices; the potential impact of pandemics, epidemics, widespread illness or other health issues, such as COVID-19 or its variants on the company's operations and financial results, including cash flows and liquidity; whether the company is able to successfully implement actions designed to improve profitability on anticipated terms and timetables and whether the company is able to fully realize the expected benefits of such actions; climate-related risks, including environmental and severe weather caused by climate changes, and legislative and regulatory initiatives addressing global climate change or other environmental concerns; the effects of fluctuations in customer demand on sales, product mix and prices in the industries in which the company operates, including the ability of the company to respond to rapid changes in customer demand including but not limited to changes in customer operating schedules due to supply chain constraints or unplanned work stoppages, the effects of customer bankruptcies or liquidations, the impact of changes in industrial business cycles, and whether conditions of fair trade exist in U.S. markets; competitive factors, including changes in market penetration, increasing price competition by existing or new foreign and domestic competitors, the introduction of new products by existing and new competitors, and new technology that may impact the way the company's products are sold or distributed; changes in operating costs, including the effect of changes in the company's manufacturing processes, changes in costs associated with varying levels of operations and manufacturing capacity, availability of raw materials and energy, the company's ability to mitigate the impact of fluctuations in raw materials and energy costs and the effectiveness of its surcharge mechanism, changes in the expected costs associated with product warranty claims, changes resulting from inventory management, cost reduction initiatives and different levels of customer demands, the effects of unplanned work stoppages, and changes in the cost of labor and benefits; the success of the company's operating plans, announced programs, initiatives and capital investments, and the company's ability to maintain appropriate relations with the union that represents its associates in certain locations in order to avoid disruptions of business; unanticipated litigation, claims or assessments, including claims or problems related to intellectual property, product liability or warranty, employment matters, and environmental issues and taxes, among other matters; cyber-related risks, including information technology system failures, interruptions and security breaches; with respect to the company's ability to achieve its sustainability goals, including its 2030 environmental goals, the ability to meet such goals within the expected timeframe, changes in laws, regulations, prevailing standards or public policy, the alignment of the scientific community on measurement and reporting approaches, the complexity of commodity supply chains and the evolution of and adoption of new technology, including traceability practices, tools and processes; the availability of financing and interest rates, which affect the company's cost of funds and/or ability to raise capital, including the ability of the company to refinance or repay at maturity the convertible notes due December 1, 2025; the company's pension obligations and investment performance, and/or customer demand and the ability of customers to obtain financing to purchase the company's products or equipment that contain its products; the overall impact of pension and other postretirement benefit mark-to-market accounting; the effects of the conditional conversion feature of the convertible notes due December 1, 2025, which, if triggered, entitles holders to convert the notes at any time during specified periods at their option and therefore could result in potential dilution if the holder elects to convert and the company elects to satisfy a portion or all of the conversion obligation by delivering common shares instead of cash; the consistency of melt production to meet forecasted demand levels following unplanned downtime in the second half of 2022; additional amounts, if any, that the company is able to obtain from its business interruption insurance in connection with the unplanned downtime; availability of property insurance coverage at commercially reasonable rates or insufficient insurance coverage to cover claims or damages; and the impacts from any repurchases of our common shares, including the timing and amount of any repurchases. Further, this news release represents our current policy and intent and is not intended to create legal rights or obligations. Certain standards of measurement and performance contained in this news release are developing and based on assumptions, and no assurance can be given that any plan, objective, initiative, projection, goal, mission, commitment, expectation or prospect set forth in this news release can or will be achieved. Inclusion of information in this news release is not an indication that the subject or information is material to our business or operating results.

Additional risks relating to the company's business, the industries in which the company operates, or the company's common shares may be described from time to time in the company's filings with the SEC. All of these risk factors are difficult to predict, are subject to material uncertainties that may affect actual results and may be beyond the company's control. Readers are cautioned that it is not possible to predict or identify all of the risks, uncertainties and other factors that may affect future results and that the above list should not be considered to be a complete list. Except as required by the federal securities laws, the company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.