Vietnam Should Not Invest In Steel

9 September 2016

Former Minister of Planning and Investment, Professor Nguyen Mai, speaks to the Tuoi tre (Youth) newspaper, suggesting that HSG should focus on the manufacture of high grade alloy rather than steel.

In many countries, having a steel mill with a production output of 10 or 15 million tonnes per year is not rare. Some steel mills have production outputs much higher than that. A case in point is the Posco Steel Mill with its annual production of 21 million tonnes per year. That mill is located next to the sea.

We should not say that steel mills are always culprits of environmental pollution. What we should focus on is the technology that is applied in such mills.

In our country, the Formosa steel mill is an expensive example for us.

Nowadays, there are various technologies for steel production, but the blast furnace technology is out-dated and only used now in China.

In a recent announcement about the steel project from the Hoa Sen Joint Stock Company (HSG), its Chairman Le Phuoc Vu said that the company would use blast furnace technology. I don’t know where Vu could buy the equipment. Would it be from China

In my opinion, to have an EIA for the project is not the most important step – but the investment process.

The EIA is the first step to be done in any project. And it is totally based on theory, not on actual reality. That’s why evaluation of the investment process is more important. Through the investment process plan, we can actually evaluate the quality of the air emissions, water discharges and emitted toxic chemicals among other things.

I should say, for the Formosa project, its EIA was properly done.

With the HSG project which is worth US$10.6 billion, the project’s owner HSG plans to conduct the EIA in only three to four months. I think it is a very tight time slot.

Having a good EIA, like that Formosa had, does not guarantee that everything goes smoothly as it is written in the document. What happened to the sea off the four central provinces is an expensive lesson for Viet Nam in environmental monitoring activities. Here I mean in all aspects, including water discharges, air emissions, waste treatment and others.

So, for the HSG Steel Mill, it should draw on the lessons learned from the Formosa project.

I seriously recommend that Viet Nam not engage in steel production. That was the path followed by many countries in the 19th and 20th centuries.

China and the USA have produced surplus iron and steel. If we have the money, just import it. What production industry the country should choose depends on its capacity and its real needs, as well as on lessons learned from other nations. We should never follow the beaten tracks of other countries.

It is an outdated idea! We are now in the process of deep international integration. We should know what our country is good at. For example, instead of investing in steel production, why don’t we focus on the development of telecommunications and technology like Viettel has been doing?

In my own opinion, Viet Nam should not pour its investment into manufacturing cement, iron and steel or oil refineries. Why? At present, we already produce surplus cement and don’t have an export market for it. Regarding the oil refinery industry, we have just about 15 million tonnes of crude oil in deposit while our current production capacity has already reached 45-50 million tonnes. Steel consumption in Viet Nam has already reached its peak mark. In my opinion, we should go into the manufacture of high-grade alloy using advanced technology. The value of one tonne of alloy is equal to 10 tonnes of steel. If HSG decides to invest in that direction, I could not agree more.


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